Smart Irrigation and Crop Health Prediction

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Md Owais Quadri, Mahmood farmaan, Md Anas, Praveen Kumar, Reshma Ghani


The scarcity of clean water resources around the globe has generated a need for their optimum utilization Internet of Things (IoT) solutions, based on the application specific sensors’ data acquisition and intelligent processing are bridging the gaps between the cyber and physical world. IoT based smart irrigation systems can help in achieving optimum water-resource utilization in the precision farming landscape. This paper presents an open-source technology based smart system to predict the irrigation requirements of a field using the sensing of ground parameter like soil moisture soil temperature, and environmental conditions along with the weather forecast data from the Internet. The intelligence of the proposed system is based on a smart algorithm, which considers sensed data along with the weather forecast parameters like precipitation, air temperature, humidity, and UV for the near future. The complete system has been developed and deployed on a pilot scale, where the sensor node data is wirelessly collected over the cloud using web-services and a web-based information visualization and decision support system provides the real-time information-insights based on the analysis of sensors data and weather forecast data. The paper describes the system and discusses in detail the information processing results of three weeks data based on the proposed algorithm. The system is fully functional and the prediction results are very encouraging.

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